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Evangelical leader Lyman Beecher believed that moral reform assisted the government by ensuring public piety. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1814 - 1896) ... Born the seventh child of the well known Congregational minister Lyman Beecher and Roxana Foote Beecher, she was their fourth daughter. Encyclopedia of World Biography. ." Beecher’s daughter, Harriet Beecher Stowe, would later write Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852). In 1828 Beecher published his Six Sermons on the Nature, Occasions, Signs, Evils, and Remedy of Intemperance.Lyman Beecher, Six Sermons on the Nature, … There were massive religious revivals led by men such as Lyman Beecher, Nathaniel Taylor and Charles G. Finney that called for upholding morality, ending corrupt practices and individual responsibility to defend the will of God in society. Theodore Weld and many other students left the school. Beecher was a notable person in the world due to his amazing children. The hair is mounted to an official War Department manuscript telegram sent to … His efforts again resulted in spiritual awakening, and his reputation for defending orthodoxy against Unitarianism became widespread. His first ministerial post was at a Presbyterian church in East Hampton, New York. Despite his efforts Congregationalism was disestablished as the official church of the state of Connecticut in 1818. Beginnings Harriet Elisabeth Beecher was born on June 14, 1811, in Litchfield, Connecticut. The Push for Reform. American Eras. Lyman Beecher Boston: T. R. Marvin, 1828. Beecher was a notable person in the world due to his amazing children. Lyman Beecher was a prominent theologian, educator and reformer in the years before the American Civil War. "Beecher, Lyman (1775-1863) [This article provides an overview of the Protestant branch of Christian religion. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian minister, co-founder and leader of the American Temperance Society, and the father of thirteen children. Profiles of Benjamin Rush, William Lloyd Garrison, Lyman and Catharine Beecher, and Angelina and Sarah Grimk'e, among others, are included as he examines the reformers' cosmologies, the religious aspects of reform ritual, and the relation of religious and secular elements of everyday life at both the personal and social levels. That same year he moved to the Hanover Street Congregational Church in Boston, where he became a leading conservative voice against liberals and Unitarians as well as against the new revivalist style of Charles Grandison Finney. Beecher saw the practice of dueling as emblematic of the decline of the social order without which a free and virtuous republic could not survive. (1811-1896) American author and daughter of Lyman Beecher, she was an abolitionist and author of the famous antislavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin. ." Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Dynamic preaching and a published sermon against dueling earned him a modest reputation, and in 1810 he accepted the more prestigious pulpit of the Congregational Church of Litchfield, Conn. For 16 years at Litchfield he attracted large crowds, and his influence extended beyond his own congregation. As rapid economic development, urbanization, and westward expansion altered the social fabric of American society, many…, This designation for the great spiritual revival within the Church during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was used by Leopold von Ranke and g…, CALVIN, JOHN Europe took centuries to build new cities but American explorers were settling new lands at an accelerated rate. True to his word, after disestablishment Beecher devoted himself wholeheartedly to the association of evangelism with moral reform and social benevolence. Tired of the constant bickering, Beecher resigned his position in 1850. Encyclopedia of World Biography. He became well known for his fiery sermons against intemperance and slavery. Preacher, reformer and abolitionist, Beecher was the son of famed evangelist Lyman Beecher and brother of author Harriet Beecher Stowe. PROTESTANTISM . A contemporary called Lyman Beecher “the father of more brains than any other man in America.” His three marriages produced 13 children. □. In 1826, he resigned his position in Litchfield and accepted a new one in Boston, Massachusetts. A merchant who rented some rooms in the church stored whiskey in the basement. By this point, his reputation had spread across the United States. Lyman Beecher. Battle for the West. Lyman Beecher is remembered today primarily through the accomplishments of his children, among whom was abolitionist preacher Henry Ward Beecher, and author of Uncle Tom's Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe. who hath contentions? Other people opposed slavery, but believed that African Americans would move to the North and deprive white people of jobs. American minister Lyman Beecher (1775–1863) uses these words to describe how rapid the expansion of the West seemed. A trial by the Presbyterian General Assembly was avoided, but his position had contributed to a major schism in that denomination by 1838. (October 16, 2020). He wanted them to spread across the American West and save people from their sinful ways. Lyman Beecher was a prominent theologian, educator and reformer in the years before the American Civil War. American Eras. Lyman Beecher (October 12, 1775 – January 10, 1863) was a Presbyterian minister, American Temperance Society co-founder [1] and leader, and the father of 13 children, many of whom became noted figures, including Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry Ward Beecher, Charles Beecher, Edward Beecher, Isabella Beecher Hooker, Catharine Beecher, and Thomas K. Beecher. The American Temperance Society was founded in 1826 by Lyman Beecher and Dr. Justin Edwards and grew to over 8000 local chapters and more than a million members “taking the pledge” (to not drink alcohol) within ten years. who hath redness of eyes? He had little interest in agriculture, and he declined to become heir to his uncle’s property and profession. . Followers of a religious movement whose definition and date of origin cannot be given with precision. Beecher. Lyman Beecher Born in New Haven, Connecticut, on October 12, 1775, Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian minister who co-founded the American Temperance Society in 1826 and is often credited as one of the driving forces behind the Second Great Awakening in the early part of the 19th century. Her writings were varied and in many different genre. Beecher remained at Lane until 1850. A dramatic feat for the time. 29-35. Who hath wo? to Christianize the West and educate ministers for that task was linked to his desire to counteract growing Catholic influence in the Ohio Valley. He was also a co-founder of the American Temperance Society. He helped establish missionary organizations, pressured influential men to keep their businesses closed on Sundays, and became a leading voice in the temperance movement, publishing his Six Sermons on Intemperance in 1826. Lyman Beecher was one of the most influential Protestant preachers of the 19th century, as well as father to some of the nation's greatest preachers, writers, and social activists. Cultural. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/beecher-lyman-1775-1863. Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian minister and leader of the American Temperance Society. Beecher was born in 1775, in New Haven, Connecticut. The movement embodied a wide range of…, Lyell, Sir Charles (1797 – 1875) Scottish Geologist, Lyman, Helen (Lucille) Huguenor 1910-2002, Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts: Narrative Description, Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts: Tabular Data, Lympany, Dame Moura (real name, Mary Johnstone), https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/beecher-lyman-1775-1863, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyman-beecher, The Spread of Protestantism in Northern Europe. Beecher's years at Lane Theological Seminary were filled with controversy. By then he had become more liberal in his thinking, believing less in human sinfulness and divine sovereignty and more in the potential for human progress. A Presbyterian clergyman, Lyman Beecher (1775-1863) was one of the outstanding American preachers and revivalists before the Civil War. Reform Efforts. After graduating from Yale and beginning his career as a pastor, Beecher moved to Cincinnati to act as president for the Lane Seminary; a role which he had from 1832-1852. October 12, 1775 - January 10, 1863 Lyman Beecher was a Presbyterian minister, co-founder and leader of the American Temperance Society, and the father of thirteen children. Sourcing the Documents: Explain the significance of the author’s point of view, author’s purpose, historical context, and/or audience for at least four documents. During his years in Boston he edited a monthly, the Spirit of the Pilgrims. Education. Lucy Mack Smith attended and joined the Presbyterian Church before being baptized into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Encyclopedia.com. Beecher ended his preaching career in 1843 and retired from Lane Seminary in 1850. His defense of orthodox Christianity against Unitarianism in Connecticut was noted by church leaders, and he was invited to move to Boston, where he could be even more effective in that cause. In 1799 he was ordained as pastor of the Presbyterian Church at East Hampton, Long Island, N. Y. When he was invited to return to Presbyterianism to become the president and professor of theology of the new Lane Theological Seminary at Cincinnati, Ohio, his concern In 1832, he moved his family to Cincinnati, where he accepted a position as president of Lane Theological Seminary. who hath wounds without cause? A fear of Catholicism began to emerge and led him to share in the nativist attack on that faith. Get this from a library! Lyman Beecher is remembered today primarily through the accomplishments of his children, among whom was abolitionist preacher Henry Ward Beecher, … Persons warmed by his revivals were urged to support a growing list of voluntary societies and moral reforms, especially temperance. Born in Connecticut to a blacksmith, Beecher was adopted and raised by an uncle on a farm, and later graduated from the … In 1832 Beecher gained further prominence when he moved west to head Lane Theological Seminary in Cincinnati. Chapters in Lyman Beecher Stowe, Saints, Sinners and Beechers (1934), and Constance Mayfield Rourke, Trumpets of Jubilee (1927), are as useful as the older, uncritical biographies. He was born on 12th October 1775 and died on 10th January 1863. Until 1843 he also served as pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church there. You know, people like Lyman Beecher and Charles Finney. In A Plea for the West, published in 1835, Beecher articulated the popular notion that the greatest threat to the West lay in Catholicism. . James Fraser, Pedagogue for God’s Kingdom: Lyman Beecher and the Second Great Awakening (Lanham, Md. Beecher entered Yale in 1793. With strange irony in 1835 he was tried twice for heresy by conservative Presbyterians who found his orthodoxy too liberal. Lyman Beecher (October 12, 1775 – January 10, 1863) was an important minister during the Second Great Awakening. "Lyman Beecher The hair was removed during his postmortem examination, measuring approximately 2″ long, and was presented to Dr. Lyman Beecher Todd, a cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln. Find out the detail information about a Presbyterian minister on Facts about Lyman Beecher.He was born on 12th October 1775 and died on 10th January 1863. Beecher entered the ministry in 1799 and established his reputation as a moral reformer soon afterward. Turner quotes Dr. Lyman Beecher in The Significance of the Frontier in American History. . He had married three times and fathered eleven children, of whom Edward, Henry Ward, Catharine, and Harriet (Beecher Stowe) followed in his footsteps to become important figures in American religious history. Encyclopedia.com. A successful revivalist whose deep concern with national destiny spoke to the hopes and sensibilities of many Americans, Beecher was also a staunch anti-Catholic, who did his best to exclude one segment of the population from full acceptance as American citizens. Lyman Beecher was an American Presbyterian clergyman, reformer and revivalist who co-founded the American Temperance Society. Dwight, a poet, essayist, and Congregationalist minister, believed that New England tradition, and indeed the fabric of American society, were threatened by the enlightenment radicalism of infidels and Deists. Leader. The last years of his life were spent in Brooklyn, N.Y., where he died on Jan. 10, 1863. Lyman Beecher: “The father of more brains than any man in America” Harriet Beecher Stowe née Harriet Elisabeth Beecher, was born June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, CT to the Rev. It also had a much larger congregation. Born in New Haven, Connecticut, on 12 October 1775, Beecher was raised on a farm by his aunt and uncle. American minister Lyman Beecher (1775–1863) uses these words to describe how rapid the expansion of the West seemed. 0: 3322121855: Hinton R. Helper: Individual who tried to convince southern yeoman farmers that slavery actually reduced their standard of living: 1: 3322121856: John Brown https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyman-beecher, "Lyman Beecher He graduated from Yale College in 1797 and was ordained in the Presbyterian Church in 1799. A number of these students enrolled at Oberlin College. The historical origins of Protestant…, Sources Her mother died when Harriet was only five years old. Beecher took this as a personal affront considering the sermons he delivered in the church's sanctuary against the evils of liquor. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Lyman Beecher: “The father of more brains than any man in America” Harriet Beecher Stowe née Harriet Elisabeth Beecher, was born June 14, 1811 in Litchfield, CT to the Rev. The Beechers were one of the most influential families of the 19th century. Boston – A thick lock of Abraham Lincoln's hair and a historically significant telegram sold for $81,250, according to Boston-based RR Auction. The father of Harriet Beecher Stowe (author of Uncle Tom's Cabin) was Lyman Beecher (1775 - 1863). The sense of purpose he felt in moving to Cincinnati in 1832 was well expressed in his A Plea for the West (1835). He achieved national fame as reformer, educator, and central figure in theological controversies. Duelists, he argued, were members of a privileged social class who believed themselves above the law and common morality. He took it upon himself, therefore, to provide a voice of leadership both in the conversion of souls and in numerous moral crusades. Son of a blacksmith, he was raised on a farm. Not all church members appreciated Beecher's fiery oratory and openly complained about it. Legacy. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lyman-beecher. Congregationalism remained the established religion of Connecticut, and Beecher hoped to keep it that way, calling for a return to the sacred order of New England’s Puritan founders through the diligent enforcement of laws against intemperance, Sabbath breaking, and other forms of immorality. In the 1850s, he helped raise money to support the New England Emigrant Aid Company in its efforts to keep slavery out of Kansas territory. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Lyman Beecher. He was a Presbyterian minister and founder of The American Temperance Society. There he proved himself an effective revivalist and also launched a crusade against the practice of dueling, inspired by Alexander Hamilton’s death in a duel with Aaron Burr. He accepted the post because he firmly believed that “the moral destiny of our nation, and all our institutions and hopes, the world’s hopes, turns on the character of the West.” The West was a land of promise, but for Beecher its potential could be fulfilled only if evangelical Protestantism gained as much influence there as it had in the East. He spent the rest of his life living with his son, Henry Ward Beecher. Many residents of the city came from the South and still supported the institution of slavery. (October 16, 2020). 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